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How to learn to walk on crutches

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Crutches are used to improve coordination and reduce the load on the legs by increasing support and transferring body weight to the upper body and arms.

These crutches with an emphasis on the forearm serve as a support when walking a person with injured or sore legs. The crutch is like a high cane reaching the elbow joint and crowned with a special flexible cuff. They are made of aluminum and have a stand, an emphasis clamp and a handle. The height of the crutches of the armpits "Canadian" must match the height of the person. The height of all elbow-mounted “Canadian” crutches can be adjusted. Although crutches of this type provide insufficient lateral support, however, they are smaller in size, more functional when climbing stairs. They can be used simultaneously with orthopedic devices.

Memo for learning to walk on the armpits (Canadian) crutches

The use of crutches requires a fairly good balance and coordination of movements, as well as muscle strength. Therefore, it is preferable to use crutches for "young" patients for a short period of time.

A. You can start training only when the patient or injured is already sitting with his legs down and gets out of bed on his healthy leg with the support (headboard, table, etc.)

B. Before you stand on crutches, you need to fit them (the design of the crutch allows you to set the desired length). You need to know how to hold a crutch properly:

  1. the crutch’s arm (i.e. the support for the wrist) should be directed with the free end forward,
  2. the crutch cuff should cover the forearm at the back, slightly below the elbow joint of the bent arm,
  3. The back of your crutches should be as straight as possible.

B. How to walk on crutches.

At all stages of training, safety net is required.

1. The patient is standing on a healthy leg, holding with one hand a support, for example, a rectangular table, with the other - for a crutch.

  • sets the crutch forward one step,
  • carries the weight of his body to the crutch,
  • transfers a healthy leg to step length,
  • repeating all this again and again, moves along the table,
  • reaches the end of the table, turns, changes the crutch and support in places and moves back in the same way.

2. The patient stands on a healthy leg, in both hands - crutches.

  • brings one crutch forward by the stride length,
  • makes another crutch forward
  • carries its weight on crutches,
  • transfers a healthy leg to the step length,
  • repeats it all over and over.

3. In the future, you can proceed to walking when both crutches are carried forward simultaneously.

When a person is standing with two crutches, they should be pulled a little to the side - this gives the person greater stability.

They are made of light wood or aluminum. Their design usually provides a platform for supporting the armpit, a handle, a double bar, passing from the bottom into one rack with a rubber tip with a diameter of 3-8 cm. Crutches can have clamps, screws or other devices with which to adjust their height.

They serve as a support when walking a person with injured or sore feet.

The height of the axillary crutches must match the height of the person. The height of all axillary crutches can be adjusted.

To determine the correct height, there are two reference points: the axillary bar should be at a distance of 4-5 cm below the armpit

  • forearm presses crutch to body
  • the bar for the support of the hand is at the level of the wrist

The way to determine the correct selection of the height of the crossbar for support with the brush is as follows: in a standing position, with arms extended along the body, the crutch handle should reach the level of the clock on the wrist. Note: the use of crutches requires a fairly good balance and coordination of movements, as well as muscle strength. Therefore, it is preferable to use crutches for "young" patients for a short period of time.

BUT . You can start training only when the patient or injured can already sit with his legs down and get out of bed on a healthy leg with the help of a support (headboard, table, etc.)

B. Before you stand on crutches, you need to fit them (the design of the crutch allows you to set the desired length). You need to know how to hold the crutch correctly: The upper part of the crutch should not rest against the armpit. The gap should be two fingers. The back of your crutches should be as straight as possible. The crutch arm should be positioned so that there is an angle of about ten degrees in the elbow joint.

B. How to walk on crutches:

1. At all stages of training, insurance is necessary,

2. The patient is standing on a healthy leg, holding with one hand a support, for example, a rectangular table, with the other a crutch.

  • sets the crutch forward one step,
  • carries the weight of his body to the crutch,
  • transfers a healthy leg to step length,
  • repeating all this again and again, moves along the table,
  • reaches the end of the table, turns, changes the crutch and support in places and moves back in the same way.

3. The patient stands on a healthy leg, in both hands - crutches.

  • brings one crutch forward by the stride length,
  • makes another crutch forward
  • carries its weight on crutches,
  • transfers a healthy leg to the step length,
  • repeats it all over and over.

4. In the future, you can proceed to walking, when both crutches are carried forward simultaneously.

When a person is standing with two crutches, they should be pulled a little to the side - this gives the person greater stability.

When using crutches of various types, it should be remembered that:

  • body weight should be transferred to the hands, and not to the armpits, in order to avoid damage to the axillary region,
  • maintain a wide base for support even during rest,
  • keep crutches about 10 cm from the edge and in front of the leg,
  • when using crutches with emphasis in the armpits, the support legs should be close to the chest to ensure better balance,
  • keep your head straight and keep your body level while walking.

The best position of the patient: the head is high, the back is straight, the healthy knee is slightly bent. For support, you can lean your back against the wall. The tips of crutches are placed at a distance of about 15 cm from the socks and slightly anteriorly. If the patient has wide hips - the tips are best taken away to a greater distance. The distance between the armpit and the upper part of the crutches should be about 2-3 fingers. The elbows are bent at an angle of 25-30 .. With a push you can check whether the body is easily torn off the floor. Hands should be almost straight. Crutch fitness is checked while walking.

In order to get out of the chair, crutches folded together are placed on the damaged side and are grasped from the inside. Then they are thrown with his other hand through the chair, straighten a healthy leg.

In order to sit down, repeat the same movements, starting with placing two crutches on the damaged side. Then the patient straightens his back and sits down. At the same time, he must be sure that the chair or chair does not swing.

When walking with crutches, both crutches are placed at the same time 30 cm in front and 15-20 cm towards the toes. Carry, leaning on the arms, the weight of the body forward. You can swing on crutches. Land on the heel so that the crutches are behind the patient.

The shuttle type tread is the simplest and safest for those who begin to use crutches. It is necessary to begin with bringing the crutches forward, moving the weight of the body forward, resting on your hands, and sliding in the same direction with your healthy leg.

When ascending or descending a ladder, the following method can be used. The patient takes both crutches under one arm, holds them from the inside with the thumb. The other hand grabs the railing (hand slightly in front of the body).

When lifting, crutches are left at the level where they stand. Then, the body weight is evenly distributed on the hand holding the crutch and on the railing. Raise a healthy leg up a step, leaving a sore leg behind, straighten a healthy leg and push the crutches forward.

When descending from the steps, crutches are placed on the lower stage and the sore leg is pulled. Then they evenly rest on the hand holding the crutches, and on the railing. Push forward a healthy leg to the lower step. It is recommended to use this method when descending or climbing narrow stairs.

How to learn to walk on crutches

A crutch is an important support device that helps patients with injured and diseased limbs move comfortably around the house and along the stairs. The product for walking facilitates movement due to the fact that it transfers all the weight of the body to the hands. How to walk on crutches safely and painlessly?

How to get around

When walking, you must follow the following rules:

One crutch is pushed forward

Following the first pillar, the second,

Body weight is transferred to the device,

First they put a healthy leg, then a sick one,

Further, the movement is repeated.

During walking, the lower ends of the support should be strictly sideways. Such an action will help a person gain more confidence in their own movements.


Features of movement on the stairs

In various situations, the rules of movement are different from each other. Let’s figure out how to walk on crutches up the stairs:

1. The rise. The free hand is placed on the railing, the other hand with a crutch holds the weight. First, a healthy leg is installed on the staircase ledge, then a support. Then the gypsum limb moves to the step. If there is no railing, then they move on two supports at once.

2. The descent. It is necessary to put both supports one step lower. Next, they lower one leg, then the second. The principle does not change - they put forward a healthy leg with support, followed by a sick one.

When walking on a flat surface, you do not need to press the upper part of the support on the armpits. At the first stage, this will seem an easy way, but after this the patient will begin to experience pain in the armpit. Movement should occur only at the expense of hands.

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