Without a doubt, it is important to know: if there is excess fat in the body, but believe me, it is equally important to know where it is located.
As a result of numerous studies, it turned out that fat located in the abdomen does much more harm to the body than fat located in the hips.
The fact is that fat cells around the waist accumulate harmful substances that interfere with the production and absorption of insulin, which can lead to diabetes mellitus, heart disease and some types of cancer. These are very unpleasant health consequences, believe me!
So, in order to determine the presence or absence of these surpluses, we also came up with the idea of calculating the ratio of waist to hip volume.
Waist - Measured from the narrowest point, about 2.5 cm above the navel.
Hips - are measured where our priest is the widest, i.e. we find the most prominent points. We hold the measuring tape in parallel with the floor, do not tighten, but press it tightly to the body. In general, be honest with yourself!
For men, the norm the ratio is not exceeding 0,95 (according to some other sources, 1.0)
For women, the norm the ratio does not exceed 0,8 (according to some other data 0.85)
In general, the wishes of doctors that the ratio of waist to hips be as low as possible correlate quite clearly with the "ideals of beauty."
For example, the ratio of the waist at 60 cm and the hips at 90 cm is 0.67.
For the sake of interest, these are the ratios of some famous ladies:
- Venus of Milos - 0.7
- Rubens' Nude - 0.7
- Lady Diana - 0.7 (61/87)
- Demi Moore - 0.72 (66/91)
- Cindy Crawford - 0.69 (58/84)
- Claudia Schiffer - 0.67 (62/92
- Marilyn Monroe - 0.61 (56 / 91.5)
- Brigitte Bardot - 0.66 (58.5 / 89)
- Barbie Doll - 0.7
Waist to Height Table
|Ratio less than 35||Abnormally Thin|
|from 35 to 43||Excessively Thin|
|from 43 to 46||Slender and healthy|
|from 46 to 53||Healthy, Normal, Ideal Weight|
|from 53 to 58||Overweight|
|from 58 to 63||Extremely Overweight / Obese|
|more than 63||Too Fat|
|Ratio less than 35||Abnormally Skinny|
|from 35 to 42||Excessively Thin|
|from 42 to 46||Slim and healthy|
|from 46 to 49||Healthy, Normal, Ideal Weight|
|from 49 to 54||Overweight|
|from 54 to 58||Extremely Overweight / Fat|
|more than 58||Overly Fat|
Example of calculating waist to height
Find the ratio of waist to height in a man with a waist circumference of 92 cm and a height of 182 cm?
- Waist circumference = 92 cm
- Height = 182 cm
Substitute these values in the formula
The ratio of waist to height
= (Waist circumference / Height) x 100
= 92/182 x 100
Visual parameters of a beautiful female figure
Do you like the figure of the sculpture of Venus de Milo? If the Greek gods sculptured in marble even today could conquer the scene of beach bodybuilding, adding only a little shoulder width, then Venus would have had very few chances. A rather full belly, relatively small breasts, narrow and sloping shoulders, and indeed, with such excess weight - only to accountants in the neighboring department, and not to beauties. You need to understand that “dried” female figures became a trend only in the 20th century, and came to us from the catwalks. In Antiquity, proportions and, so to speak, general appearance were estimated.
If you believe the architects, the figure of the sculpture is subject to the so-called golden ratio, this is an irrational number that determines the ratio of the waist to the hips. It allows you to find out the proportions. Plastic surgeons use this number, equal to 1, 618 ... to determine the ratio of "new shapes" to the waist.
Ancient Greek sculptors believed that the parameters of the waist, shoulder girdle, and hips should be correlated by the golden ratio. This is exactly what is embodied in the sculpture of Venus. Therefore, if you ask honest people, not fashionable critics, and not fitness experts who have long deformed their minds to please the industry, Venus will be very personal.
The human eye is believed to track the line of the shoulders, hips, waist, and the curve that connects them. Therefore, while working on the outlines, they try to actively concentrate precisely on the transitions, and the smoothness of the lines.
It is generally accepted that there are only five types of female figure:
- Hourglass - This is a "classic" with a narrow waist, broad shoulders and hips. The ratio of such a figure is close to the golden ratio from nature, and even if its owner gains weight slightly, she remains attractive. It is the shape of the hourglass that gravitates in a fitness bikini, and ordinary visitors to gyms want such a figure. Unfortunately, the narrow waist for many remains only a dream, but visually rebuild the shape of the body if you add volume to the shoulders, buttocks and hips,
- Pear-shaped figure - the ideal of the Renaissance, and the most healthy physique according to some doctors. Fat is deposited in the lower half of the body, the shoulders are significantly inferior to the hips in volume, the waist remains narrow, but the shoulder girdle is almost not developed. In terms of fitness, these ladies were a little less fortunate, since they have to do several set and drying cycles to balance the top and bottom, usually when trying to lose weight, the hips still remain full, but the “top” dries out very significantly.
- Triangle - This is an athletic figure with broad shoulders and narrow hips. With such a physique it is much easier to succeed in sports such as bench press, weightlifting, gymnastics, but for a long time such a figure was considered ugly. The “free bonus” by nature is that against the background of the shoulders, any waist looks narrow, and the owners of such a figure are usually not inclined to fat deposits,
- Rectangle - This is a figure resembling the type of "apple", but more athletic. Typically, such women have a naturally large chest, long legs, but there is almost no waist. Fat is deposited in the male type, in the abdomen. Moreover, it evenly covers both the abdominal wall and internal organs. Doctors believe that this type of obesity is more dangerous for life and health, so women of this type should monitor weight. Rectangles gravitate toward a mesomorphic physique and usually progress well in strength sports.
- An Apple - a rather slender physique, narrow shoulders and hips, but at the same time - representatives of this type of figure distinguish a larger belly. It is difficult for "Apples" to lose weight, since even substantial efforts do not give the very harmonious form that everyone aspires to, and girls quickly lose their motivation.
Types of female figures are an example list. In reality, they can vary significantly, how a girl looks strongly depends on growth, percentage of fat mass, length of legs, arms, width of shoulders, and how she dresses and presents herself. In modern fashion, there is a whole direction engaged in the selection of wardrobe according to the type of figure. And in fitness - means that allow you to adjust any figure. Therefore, you should not be upset due to natural data.
Ideal figures of women according to men
It is said that the male perception of the figure of a woman is very different from the female. And it’s certainly far from the ideals that the modern gloss promotes, the fitness industry and other sources that tell us that without buttocks, a shelf, wide athletic shoulders, and even breasts of at least 4 sizes, we are ugly.
All sources unanimously claim that the male eye estimates the ratio of the waist to the hips, or rather, the absence of fat folds on this very waist. That is, if the smoothness of lines and the difference between the narrowest and widest places of the body are present, the girl is perfect. In practice, there are a variety of options. The “dry”, almost stage form seems attractive to some. Someone loves more juicy figures, while others like soft women with a small tummy.
Scientists do not tire of repeating that sexual attractiveness is associated with health. That is, the ideal girl should not have a high percentage of fat, a huge belly, and too full hips, all this is associated with ill health. Similarly, the condition of the skin, hair, and nails plays a large role. That is why it is believed that personal care and fitness are important components of the image of a successful and attractive woman.
And other sources claim that sexual attractiveness has nothing to do with body parameters, and can be assessed at the level of ... smells. Each one has its own attractive aroma or smell of its own pheromones, and men literally “love with their nose”. Be that as it may, the absence of unhealthy body fat prolongs life and makes it better, so it’s not only sexual attractiveness.
Formulas of the ideal proportions of the female body
A person is so arranged that he is trying to calculate everything inexplicable. Scientists are not tired of coming up with formulas, criteria, some parameters to describe the beauty. And poets and artists simply admire perfect female bodies at all times. In fact, any science here gives in to practice, because the parameters for assessing the beauty of the body. For some girls, the legs with the same parameter in centimeters will look longer due to the fact that the waist is located higher. Some of them are slimmer due to the smoothed hip line. And for some, nature gave a gorgeous posture, wide shoulders and a flat spine.
Formulas of ideal proportions should be taken as advisory information that can be taken into account, but you should not focus on this. The figure can be beautiful, if the percentage of fat is adequate, the muscles are developed and the girl takes care of herself.
In fitness, they come not only from the aesthetic types of figures that were discussed above, but also from the so-called physiological ones. They characterize how a woman looks depending on her metabolic rate, fat percentage, and muscle building rate.
There are three types of female physique:
These are born athletes. If such a girl is not involved, but simply adheres to the rules of a minimum healthy diet, she looks like a regular at a sports club. She will naturally draw a press, will have slender legs, good posture and a pronounced waist. Perhaps it will be difficult for her to achieve the grace of model forms, but the trend is leaving for them, and no one is particularly worried about this. These girls can prepare for a fitness bikini in six months, and it is about them that they most often think that they are using illegal drugs. But in fact, they can just train regularly and follow a diet for athletes. If the mesomorph recovers, something really serious has happened, such as a prolonged lack of activity due to a switch to a career, or pregnancy and childbirth. Mesomorphs lose weight quickly, especially if they are engaged in physical activity. Those who do not train are recommended to start as soon as possible. The main bonus of the mesomorph is its muscles,
This is a slender, skinny girl by nature. In the past, there were no such problems at all, because the fashion was an extremely thin, model female figure. Such girls “look like a million,” and now, but their existence is overshadowed by the fact that pumping the buttocks, which have recently become a trend, is extremely difficult for them. Ectomorph training is heavy weights, a good technique that is extremely difficult to achieve with long limbs, and constant high-calorie nutrition. Oddly enough, such girls are afraid to recover and lose their natural beauty. That is why they often do not gain anything in the gym - poor nutrition affects athletic performance. But ectomorphs are good in cyclic sports and gymnastics. And they almost never get better if they abuse food, and are quite active in nature. Therefore, in ordinary life, those who are far from fitness consider them to be “witches”. Ectomorph can “kill” its metabolism in only one way - using drugs and alcohol, plus lack of sleep. This is precisely what caused the collapse of the great models of the past, and that is why it is better for an ectomorph to maintain a healthy lifestyle,
The main sufferers of the modern world. This is a girl, naturally possessing a large skeleton, good data on muscle building, but also an impressive body fat. As soon as modern culture does not scoff at such girls. However, the endomorphic type is not an obstacle to athleticism. For example, you can look at Brittany Diamond's photo on the net - the girl is engaged in power extreme sports, quite large in nature and weighs more than 80 kg, but she is toned, has a beautiful developed shoulder girdle, pronounced waist and sculpted buttocks. So justify yourself by slow metabolism, and the fact that fat sticks faster than muscles, is clearly not worth it. The main task of endomorph is to establish a regular training regimen and nutrition.
Height to foot ratio
This parameter is well known to the modeling business, there are even whole tables for determining beauty, depending on the length of the legs. It is generally believed that a beautiful girl should have long legs and a narrow waist.
The table shows the ratio of height and length of the legs.
|From 155 to 160 cm||78-83 cm|
|From 161 to 167 cm||84-89 cm|
|From 168 to 174 cm||90-94 cm|
|From 175 to 180 cm||95-100 cm|
The ideal proportion of weight and height
The growth-weight ratio is not only an indicator of beauty, but also health. In short, the ratio is considered ideal when the woman’s weight is minus 105-110 cm. But the last parameter is typical for the model business, and the first one can also be harsh if we have an athlete in front of us.
The truth is that bikini athletes weigh "minus 105" in the off-season, but more muscular categories can weigh more. In the modern world, the growth-weight ratio is gradually fading into the background, and the percentage of adipose tissue is taken as a parameter.
The table shows the ratio of height and weight for women.
|Height in centimeters||Weight in kilograms|
|137||28 — 35|
|140||30 — 37|
|142||32 — 40|
|145||35 — 43|
|147||37 — 45|
|150||39 — 48|
|152||41 — 50|
|155||43 — 52|
|157||44 — 54|
|160||47 — 58|
|163||49 — 59|
|165||51 — 62|
|168||53 — 64|
|170||55 — 67|
|173||57 — 69|
|175||59 — 72|
|178||61 — 74|
|180||63 — 77|
|183||65 — 79|
|185||67 — 82|
|188||69 — 74|
|191||72 — 87|
The main parameter of female beauty is the tone, vitality, health and good mood that they give. Therefore, physical activity should become part of the life of any modern woman.