Modern sewing devices have minimized the need for hand sewing. But sometimes you need to sweep away pieces of fabric, connect them with a hidden seam, perform decorative trim or sew areas that are inconvenient to machine. In such cases, you need to know how to tie a knot on the thread with a needle after sewing, otherwise the seam will open.
Types of Nodules
Basting and copy stitches (snitches) belong to temporary seams. They are deleted after sewing. Permanent seams are used at the final stage of work and left on finished clothing. At the end of the line, it is important to fix the thread correctly, otherwise the product cannot be sewn.
Fastening the thread preserves the integrity of the product (photo: pinterest.com)
The following nodules are distinguished:
- temporary (secures the ends of the thread when basting, it is easy to untie it),
- rolled up (a loop of thread is rolled from a finger, pulled by the tip and form a knot),
- fixing (used to fix a permanent seam),
- stitches back (makes the seam more even and durable).
Purpose: to familiarize children with the methods of working with a thread and a needle, learn to handle them carefully, store the needle correctly.
purpose: introduce children to thread and needle techniques, teach them to handle them carefully, and store the needle correctly.
Material: needle beds, needles, threads.
In front of each child are: a needle bed with a needle, threads, scissors.
- Guys, today we will get to know you better with a needle. It is magical, because it can sew, embroider, sew buttons, sew and darn holes, and still performs many other works. How many of you can sew? (answers)
- Everyone should be able to sew: both girls and boys. Where do they start work? (assumption of children, answers).
- First you need to take a needle and thread a thread into it. But before you thread the thread you need to measure it, because:
- too long thread prevents spinning,
- too short - ends quickly - it turns out a lot of knots, you often have to thread a thread, distracted from work.
The Russian people laid a proverb about this: "A long thread is a lazy seamstress."
- See how to measure the thread, for example:
- take the thread and measure it, spreading the arms bent at the elbows to the width of the shoulders,
- wrap the thread around the bent elbow (showing).
- It is better to cut the thread with scissors, but do not break and do not bite. After the scissors, an even cut remains - it is easier to thread such a thread into the needle (I put the needle into the thread).
- Try now you (the children measure the thread, try to put it into the needle. In the course I provide assistance).
- See (show), the threaded thread needs to be folded in half, put together the two ends and tie a knot. Not everyone gets a knot at once. See how to tie it (explain and show). The end of the thread should not be tightly screwed onto the index finger of the hand. The resulting loop is twisted a little between the index and thumb, gradually it needs to be removed and the thread pulled.
- Try to tie a knot on your thread (children learn to tie knots).
- Now tell me what needs to be done after finishing work with a magic needle (children's answers).
- The needle must be stuck in a dense flap of material.
- Wrap several times with thread (so that the needle does not fall out, "does not run away").
Needles are removed in a separate box. The rest of the accessories are in their place of storage.
- Today we have learned how to use a needle and thread: measure and thread a thread, tie a knot.
Theme: "The magic needle"
purpose: Teach children how to sew “forward needle”.
Material: needle beds, needles, threads, rectangular strips of cardboard with the marked line for the seam, scissors.
I distribute to the children a strip of cardboard with lines drawn for the seams and holes.
- Today we will perform a seam on these strips, it is called a “forward needle”, which will be sewn later. See (show), the needle must be inserted into the hole from the wrong side. We will move it only in one direction - from right to left (showing).
“Now let's see how your magic needles work.”
Children begin to work, individual help in the process. At the end of the work, remove the accessories.
How to tie a knot on a thread when sewing manually
To execute a temporary node:
- Thread the needle and form a loop at the end.
- Two threads are put together and have a short thread behind the loop.
- Then they pull it through the loop and make another one (you need to make sure that the tip of the thread does not get into it).
- To untie the knot, the thread is simply pulled by pulling on the short tip.
How to fix the thread at the end of sewing using a rolled up knot:
- Make a loop by twisting the thread around the finger.
- Remove thread using a rolling motion.
- Hold between two fingers.
- Pull the long tip and make a knot.
Note! If the knot is not tied, then the thread twisted poorly. In this case, the action must be repeated and form a new knot
How to make a knot on a thread with a needle after sewing using a needle threader:
- Insert the needle threader into the eye of the needle.
- Thread a thread into it.
- Having brought the tip of the thread to the back side, make it hang down.
- Remove the needle threader.
- Twist the needle with the long tip of the thread (three times).
- Move the loops to the eye, shift them to the thread and lower them to the end.
- Tighten (this will tie the knot).
How to fix the thread with a knot and a stitch after sewing:
- Run a knot.
- Puncture the material with a needle and withdraw 3 mm from the assembly.
- Insert the thread next to the knot and lay the stitch back.
- Return to sewing the product.
To make the fastening knot, make a stitch back through several threads, leaving a small loop. In the same place another stitch is laid. The needle is brought out through a loop made at first. At the end they tighten tight.
Important! When sewing manually, you need to use a thimble so as not to injure your fingers when pushing the needle
Double thread stitching back
A similar fastening is performed at the beginning of the seam. As a result, the latter is more even and durable than using a simple nodule:
- A needle is inserted into the fabric and the thread is brought out so that it remains in the fabric.
- Stitch back 3 mm.
- The thread is removed at the place where the needle was inserted for the first time.
- Make the stitch again.
- After this, you can continue to sew as usual.
Methods for securing the thread when embroidering
During embroidery work it is not recommended to make nodules on the fabric. They can deform the fabric, provoke the appearance of tubercles on the working surface and prevent the thread from passing through the fabric during operation.
Methods for securing the thread are described below.
The loop method. Suitable for embroidery with threads with an even number of fibers. The thread is folded in half, both ends are threaded into the needle and form a loop.
On the front side:
- Determine where the embroidery will begin.
- Draw a needle under the first cross (perform an action in the upper left corner).
- Pull the thread into the formed loop and tighten.
On the wrong side:
- Find the area to start embroidery.
- Pierce the material with the needle from the inside up to the corner located below on the left side.
- Diagonally sew a stitch.
- Thread the needle on the wrong side.
- Wrap the thread around a pair of stitches.
The "No Knot" method:
- A few centimeters fall back from the place where the first stitch will be, and pierce the fabric from the front to the wrong side.
- The tip of the thread is left at the top.
- Carefully hold the thread under the fabric so that new stitches cover it.
- After completing several stitches, the unwanted tip of the thread is pulled to the opposite side.
- If necessary, cut it or skip under the stitches.
Method "With a knot." It is executed as the previous one, but at the tip of the thread, which is left at the top, it is necessary to tie a knot. It will fulfill the function of an anchor. After completing the first stitches, the knot is removed and the thread is hidden under the stitches.
Under the stitches. Used when embroidered stitches are placed close to where you want to fasten the thread. On the reverse side, the thread is passed under four to five stitches. After wrap around the first and second stitch.
How to sew without knots
When working with a double thread, it is folded so that a loop forms on the tip. After that, make a stitch, thread the thread through the loop and tighten. Thus, the thread will be fixed without knots.
When sewing with a single thread, make a stitch and insert the needle into the “tail” of the thread, as if splitting it. After that they tighten and continue the work. The tail is hidden between the layers, and the protruding ends are cut off if necessary.
Sometimes, instead of a sewing machine, you have to sew manually. To save the completed seam, it is necessary to tie the knot correctly. There are several methods that help secure the ends of the threads. The video below shows in detail how to make a knot on the thread after sewing.